Basketball Rules

Our rules, whilst based on Basketball Australia’s (FIBA) rules in the main are varied slightly to take into context that most companies are playing socially in our comp – it is simply not first division stuff! However, there will be teams that want to be very competitive and that is always catered for – good, clean, fun spirited and safety are all elements of our comp.

TEAM COMPOSITION

Registrations – All teams must have filled out their Team Player List with all players, before the start of the competition. All players on this list are considered Registered Players. If new players join your team during the competition then their names must be added to this list via the online system or via the Sign On sheets at the grounds, otherwise they will not be allowed to play.
Substitutions – Multiple substitutions are permitted on the whistle.
Team composition – Games are played with 5 players on the court. All mixed teams are only allowed a maximum of 4 males on the court at one time.

TIMING

Match Times – All lunchtime matches will be 2 x 13 minute halves, with a two-minute break in between. And all Evening matches will be 2 x 18 minute halves, with a two-minute break in between. The time goes by our watch – not yours.
On Time: Teams will be expected to start on time as per the draw. Please be ready to take the field on time, already signed in!! Late teams – are not acceptable. After the first 3 minutes of the game, if there are not 4 team members on the field, one goal will be awarded to the opposing team. For every 3 minutes late, a goal will be awarded up until 12 minutes where the team will be forfeited. If a team is late, this time will cut into the first half, ie if a team is 5 minutes late, the opposing team will be awarded 1 goal and the first half will only go for 9 minutes.
Time Outs: Timing of games will run continuously with no Time Outs permitted during regular game play. Games that are within 5 points with 30 seconds on the clock will be stopped on all whistles.

NOT ENOUGH PLAYERS?

Forfeit – If a team has to forfeit, then they must notify Anderson Events on 1300 132 921 by phone at least 24 hours prior to match start. The opposing team will receive 15 points! On your third forfeit we will withdraw the team from the comp without any refund.
Short on players – If you are short on numbers from time to time you can take the field with a minimum of 3 registered team players (but you will be at a disadvantage!). If you have less than 3 registered team players, then you officially forfeit the match and you may play with players from another team in a Friendly match which WILL NOT count for points in the competition. However if you have 3 registered team players and want to use players from another team to make up your 5 players, and have the game count for points in the competition YOU MUST have the agreement of the Captain (or Captains representative) from the opposing team. The opposing team has the right to request you forfeit and play a friendly match.

POINTS

Points for the preliminary matches will be a follows:

WIN DRAW LOSS FORFEIT
3 points 2 points 1 point 0 points
Mixed Basketball Rule – Girls scoring a goal will be equal to 1 additional point!!
Make sure you sign the scorecard at the end of the game as it shows you agree to the score.

FINALS

Only players who have played more than 3 games in the preliminary rounds will be eligible to play in the finals as per the sign in sheet.

The positioning of each team in the competition will be decided on the following:
– Number of points
– Point difference
– Most goals scored
– Most number of wins
– Least number of loses

In the case of drawn matches in the grand final, we go into overtime. 2 minutes each way will be played and at the end of this time period the team with the most goals wins the match. If at the end of the extra time period, the score is still drawn, the game will continue until one team leads by 2 goals. Then they will be declared the winning team.

BASIC BASKETBALL RULES

  1. Number of Players At a competition level, a team is made up of 5 players playing on the court and 5 players sitting on the bench that can be used for substitution during the whole period of the game.
  2. Each player is assigned a position when playing. This position is usually determined by the height of the player. The tallest player on the team usually plays “center” also known as “position 5”, while the medium size ones play “forwards” / “position 3 and 4”. The shortest players then play “guards” / “position 1 and 2”.
  3. A player scores when he manages to throw the ball into the basket, with the ball passing through the basket from above the hoop. Scoring a basket increases the team’s score by 3, 2 or one point. If the player successfully shoots from outside of the 3 points line, the basket is worth 3 points; otherwise it is worth 2 points. It is also possible to score one point when shooting from the free throw line, after a foul for instance.
  4. Males scoring goals get point as allocated for that point, i.e. 3, 2 or one point. Females scoring a goal get an extra point for the goal.
  5. The game starts with a jump off at the centre of the court with one FEMALE from each side in mixed Basketball. Males cannot block or make contact with the ball whilst a female in possession is in the process of taking a shot for goal. A male cannot steal a ball from a female in possession outside of the offensive 3 point area.
  6. A violation occurs when the player breaks one of the rules of Basketball. A violation results in the awarding of the ball to the opponents. It can also result from the player taking more than 2 steps without bouncing the ball on the floor. This is called traveling. Another example of violation occurs when a player stops dribbling and then starts dribbling again or when he bounces the ball with both hands on the ball. We call this a double dribble. A violation is also committed if you twist your hand, when in contact with the ball, beyond the vertical, bringing it under the ball. This is called Carry, as the hand must always remain on the top of the ball.
  7. A foul is an illegal action that can be committed by player from one team against a player from the opposing team. Basketball is generally said to be a non-contact game. If contact occurs beyond what is deemed to be reasonable, or if a player thereby obtains an unfair advantage from it, a foul is committed. There are two types of fouls. The first are called defensive fouls. They occur when the offensive player is being fouled by the defender. Defenders should not block, push, trip, strike or hold the player in possession of the ball. The second ones are the offensive fouls. For example, a player in offence commits a foul when charging into a stationary defender.
  8. If a male fouls a female who is in the process of taking a shot for goal, 2 points will be awarded in favour of the offensive team plus an additional free throw. If a male steals a ball from a female in possession outside of the offensive 3 point area, the ball will be returned to the offensive team.
  9. Players are permitted 3 Fouls in a game. Players who commit 2 fouls in a half will be asked to sit out the remainder of the half, they can be substituted. Players returning to the court in the second half after committing 2 fouls in the first half are permitted only one additional foul. On committing a 4th foul they will be asked to leave the court. They cannot return for that game but can be substituted.
  10. Players need to be aware that the Disqualifying Foul Rule will be implemented liberally for those players committing dangerous or violent conduct, serious foul play (eg. spitting, punching, striking) or using foul or abusive language. Such behaviour is not tolerated in any form, and a player that is Disqualified CANNOT return to the court (can be substituted). Depending on the severity of the incident, a Disqualified player may face additional disciplinary action if the Referee or Supervisor deems it appropriate. This may include but not limited to suspending the player from participating in our competitions for a period of time. This decision will be made after investigation and review by the Anderson Events management team.

BASKETBALL GLOSSARY

Bellow is an alphabetical listing of the most common basketball terms and their definitions.

  • Assist A pass to a team-mate that directly leads to a basket
  • Biggest scoring run Biggest margin of consecutive points scored by a team without any points from opponent
  • Biggest lead Highest score difference in any moment of the game. For a team who never led, the value of ‘biggest lead’ is 0
  • Blocked shot When the defence deflects or stops a shot attempt with their hand while the ball is still on its upward flight.
  • Captain Leader of the team elected by the players or appointed by the coach
  • Closely guarded player A closely guarded player (within one normal step) who is holding the ball shall pass, shoot, roll, or dribble the ball within five (5) seconds. Infraction of this article is a violation
  • Competition The Competition is an event from the start of the first game to the completion of the last game, excluding the opening and closing ceremony
  • Defensive rebound Grabbing the ball from the missed shot attempt by an opponent.
  • Disqualifying foul Any flagrantly unsportsman-like infraction
  • Double foul Two opposing players commit fouls against each other at approximately the same time
  • Fast break point Point scored from a very quick counterattack
  • Field goal A basket scored from an action on the playing court except free throws
  • Fifth (5th) foul Player who has committed five (5) either personal and/or technical fouls must automatically leave the game
  • Free throw An opportunity given to a player to score one (1) point, uncontested, from position behind the free throw line and inside the semicircle
  • Goal average Goal average is calculated by division between points scored and points received in order to establish classification
  • Jump ball An action of tossing the ball vertically by the referee between two opposing players to a height greater than either of them would reach in the jump
  • Offensive foul When an offensive player, with or without the ball, makes illegal contact against an opponent. It will be also charged as a turnover to this player
  • Offensive rebound When a player grabs his/her own or a team-mate’s missed shot attempt
  • Officials A Referee and an Umpire assisted by Table Officials (a Timekeeper, a Scorer, an Assistant Scorer and a 24 second Operator)
  • One (1) point A goal scored from a free throw
  • Overtime Extra period(s) (lasting 5 minutes each), after the score is tied at the end of fourth period. So many five minute extra periods are played until one team emerges as the winner
  • Period A part of the game (2 halves and overtimes)
  • Personal foul Player foul which involves illegal contact with an opposing player, whether the ball is live or dead
  • Player disqualification A flagrant foul penalised by expulsion from the game
  • Playing position A place of a player ensuing from the team’s arrangement for a specific playing design. The playing positions are: Guard (1 / Point Guard or 2 / Shooting Guard), Forward (3 / Small Forward or 4 / Power Forward), Centre (5 / Centre)
  • Points in the paint Points scored inside the painted (restricted) area
  • Points The sum of the value of scored baskets (free throw, 2 points, 3 points)
  • Points from turnover Points scored following a turnover without the clock being stopped
  • Second chance points Points scored from repeated shot (after offensive rebound)
  • Starting line-ups Starting line-ups represent the five players of each team which will start the game
  • Statistics Statistics evaluate the performance of the teams and players
  • Steal A defensive action, which causes a turnover by an opponent
  • Substitution of player A change (replacement) of players on the playing court
  • Team fouls penalty rule When the players of a team, in a period of a game (10 minutes), have committed four (4) player fouls (personal and/or technical), all subsequent player personal fouls shall be penalised by two (2) free throws
    Team standings Placement of the teams according to the result of their game(s)
  • Technical foul A deliberate or a repeated infringement of the proper conduct of the game or of the spirit of sportsmanship and fair play. Technical fouls by a player are all player fouls which do not involve contact with an opponent
  • Twenty-four (24) second rule When a player gains control of a live ball on the court, a shot for goal must be attempted by his team within 24 seconds. Infraction of this article is a violation
  • Three (3) second rule While his/her team is in control of the ball, a player shall not remain for more than three (3) consecutive seconds in the restricted area. Infraction of this article is a violation.
  • Three (3) points A goal scored from 3-point field goal area
  • Turnover If the offensive team loses possession of the ball without attempting either a field goal or a free throw
  • Two (2) points A goal scored from 2-point field goal area
  • Unsportsman-like foul Personal foul on a player with or without the ball which, in the opinion of the Official, was deliberately committed by the player against an opposing player
  • Violation An infraction of the rules of the game; Travelling. Illegal dribble or double dribble, Carrying the ball, 3 second violation, 5 second violation, 8 second violation, 24 second shot clock violation, Ball returned to back court – out of bounds, Intentional foot ball and Basket interference

FOULS, MISCONDUCT & SAFETY

Safety – Player safety is our number one priority. We ask to tone down tackling in our competitions.
Fouls and Misconduct – decided by the Referee– no arguments! Warning: 1 verbal warning from the referee or 2 min sin bin where player can be substituted. Any further action, player will be sent off. The Referee have the right to send a player from the field for the following actions:
– Swearing at the official, team-mate or opponent
– Dangerous play that could/will cause an injury to another player
– Unsportsmanlike conduct (e.g., throwing a ball away, taunting players)
– Aggressive or violent behavior
From time to time players may become rude, aggressive or dangerous and this is behaviour which is not tolerated. The umpire may decide to caution the players; separate those on the court or sin bin them for a period of time. If the players are involved in a serious physical altercation then the players name must be recorded and Anderson Events must be advised. All Team Captains are responsible for disciplining their team members and you should always speak to the Team Captain first about the player behaviour if they are available. The referee may also penalise the team captain for the teams’ behaviour.

Injuries & Blood Bin Time

Anderson Events operates under an injury policy where the clock never stops, so we keep the games running to time so teams playing after you are not disadvantaged; and that as we are a social league, that player safety and enjoyment of the game are primary concerns. This is reflected in our injury policy whereby if an injury occurs and a player leaves the field then another player can sub in and players may change positions, as long as the opposition also has the opportunity to change positions in response to this. Players leaving the field due to blood are at the referee’s discretion. Play may be halted at the agreement of both teams, but no time is to be recovered. If the game has progressed beyond half- time and a major injury occurs, then the score line at that time will stand. If not, then it will be at the discretion of Anderson Events whether the match will be replayed.